Gopher Breeding Season

March 8, 2022

For gophers, breeding usually occurs in late winter and early spring.  In non irrigated areas, gophers can have around one litter per year; in irrigated sites, gophers can produce up to 3 litters per year. Litters usually average 5 to 6 young.

The better the conditions are, the more frequently the gophers will breed. If the conditions are right, they can have a few litters, each one containing as many as five or six young.  Those babies stay with their mother for just over a month, usually 40 days, before they are weaned. When they are initially born, they are hairless and they can’t see, making them entirely useless, helpless, and dependent on their mother for things like food.

Pocket gophers rarely travel above ground except for when the young are dispersing to new sites.

Baby gopher activity looks different than their adult counterparts.  Adult gophers are better at pushing dirt out into mounds and also at plugging their holes.  Baby gopher activity can look more chaotic with many smaller mounds and slightly plugged holes.

Breeding season can have a drastic effect on your landscape since the number of gophers on your property can grow exponentially in a short period of time.  The best way to control for this gopher activity is to be on our Gopher, Mole and Vole Control Program so we can manage the population in the winter as much as possible before it becomes a bigger problem in the spring.